Original Article
 
Study of risk factors in patients hospitalized for psychotic disorders in the Dalal Xel mental health center in Fatick (Senegal)
Ibrahima Seck1, Jean Augustin Diegane Tine2, Abou SY3, Matar BA3, Khadim Niang2, François Ngor Faye4, Anta Tal-Dia5
1Professor, Director of studies, Public Health and Preventive Medicine, ISED, Dakar, Senegal
2Assistant, Public Health and Preventive Medicine, ISED, Dakar, Senegal
3Physician, Hospital Fann, Psychiatry, Dakar, Senegal
4Director, Dalal Xel Mental Health Center, Dakar, Senegal
5Professor, Director of ISED, Public Health and Preventive Medicine, ISED, Dakar, Senegal

Article ID: 100011P16IS2017
doi:10.5348/P16-2017-11-OA-3

Address correspondence to:
Ibrahima Seck
Institut de Santé et Développement (ISED)
Dakar-Fann, Senegal

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How to cite this article
Seck I, Tine Jad, SY A, Matar BA, Niang K, Faye FN, Tal-Dia A. Study of risk factors in patients hospitalized for psychotic disorders in the Dalal Xel mental health center in Fatick (Senegal). Edorium J Public Health 2017;4:20–26.


ABSTRACT
Aims: Psychiatric disorders are characterized by the complexity of their psychodynamic mechanisms and the inadequacy of therapeutic means. This study aims to study the risk factors of psychotic pathologies hospitalized in Dalal Xel of Factick.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional, retrospective, registrable, descriptive and analytical study carried out between 02 June and 21 July 2014 in the Dalal Xel mental health center in Fatick. All patients hospitalized in this facility were included between November 2003 and April 2014 and their medical records were retrieved. Simple logistic regression was used.
Results: Of the 7274 patient's record collected, the average age was 34.32 years (± 20.32), men were the majority at 61.2% and 57.6% were from rural areas. Serer represented 39.6% of cases. The 34.9% were out of school. Psychotic forms were mostly represented (56.8%). The main factors related to psychosis after adjustment are age between 16 and 40 years (OR = 8.2 [6.6-10.3]), marriage (OR = 0.7 [0.6–0.9]), the death of the father (OR = 1.3 [1.1–1.5]), the death of the mother (OR = 1.4 [1.1–1.9]).
Conclusion: Psychotic disorders are influenced by the socio-family experience of the individual. Marriage, orphan status and family support have been identified as risk factors in psychosis, hence the importance of involving the family in patient follow-up and in the development of mental health policies.

Keywords: Dalal Xel, Fatick, Psychiatric pathologies, Risk factors, Senegal

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Acknowledgements
We acknowledge al Dal Xel center and Fann Hospital Psychiatric Staff who help us in the work.

Author Contributions:
Ibrahima Seck – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Jean Augustin Diegane Tine – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Final approval of the version to be published
Abou SY – Acquisition of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Matar BA – Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Khadim Niang – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Final approval of the version to be published
François Ngor Faye – Acquisition of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Anta Tal-Dia – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Guarantor of submission
The corresponding author is the guarantor of submission.
Source of support
None
Conflict of interest
Authors declare no conflict of interest.
Copyright
© 2017 Ibrahima SECK et al. This article is distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided the original author(s) and original publisher are properly credited. Please see the copyright policy on the journal website for more information.