Original Article
 
Awareness and utilization of cervical cancer and Pap smear services among market women in north-central Nigeria
Godwin Jiya Gana1, Mansur Oche Oche1,2, Jessica Timane Ango1, Aminu Umar Kaoje1,2, Nneka Christiana Okafoagu1, Ismail Raji1, Remi Oladigbolu1
1Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria
2Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria

Article ID: 100013P16GG2017
doi:10.5348/P16-2017-13-OA-5

Address correspondence to:
Godwin Jiya Gana
Department of Community Health
Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital
Sokoto Nigeria

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How to cite this article
Gana GJ, Oche MO, Ango JT, Kaoje AU, Okafoagu NC, Raji I, Oladigbolu R. Awareness and utilization of cervical cancer and Pap smear services among market women in north-central Nigeria. Edorium J Public Health 2017;4:33–38.


ABSTRACT

Aims: Cervical cancer is the most common female genital tract carcinoma worldwide. Studies in Nigeria consistently show late presentation of cases with poor prognosis. This study aimed to determine awareness of market women about cervical cancer and their utilization of Pap smear test.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in selected markets. Multi stage sampling technique was used for recruiting study participants. The SPSS statistical software was used for data entry, editing and analysis.
Results: Respondents’ were aged between 18 and 60 years with mean age 40.34±10.09 years. Most respondents (89.9%) were married and about two-thirds (62.8%) had no formal education. Only 18.1% of respondents had ever heard about cervical cancer, one-third (35.3%) of those were informed by their friends and only 1.1% had done a screening test previously.
Conclusion: Awareness about cervical cancer was poor and utilization of its screening services was worse. There is a need to create awareness about cervical cancer and demand for its screening services among the women populace.

Keywords: Cervical cancer, Human papilloma virus, Pap smear test



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Acknowledgements

We are thankful to

  • Niger state Ministry of health, Minna, Niger state, Nigeria
  • Department of Community Health, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria
  • The various market women associations, Niger state, Nigeria
  • Niger state Ministry of Commerce and Tourism, Minna, Nigeria.

for their assistance in preparing the study.



Author Contributions
Godwin Jiya Gana – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Mansur Oche Oche – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Jessica Timane Ango – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Aminu Kaoje – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Nneka Christiana Okafoagu – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Ismail Raji – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Remi Oladigbolu – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Guarantor of submission
The corresponding author is the guarantor of submission.
Source of support
None
Conflict of interest
Authors declare no conflict of interest.
Copyright
© 2017 Godwin Jiya Gana et al. This article is distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided the original author(s) and original publisher are properly credited. Please see the copyright policy on the journal website for more information.