Edorium Journal of

Public Health

 
     
Original Article
 
Behavior of the access to oral health care in Senegal
Mbathio Diop1, Aida Kanouté1, Massamba Diouf2, Amadou Diaw Ndiaye3, Cheikh Mouhamadou Mbacké Lo4, Daouda Faye4, Daouda Cissé4
1Assistant, Department of Public Health Faculty of Medicine, University Cheikh Anta Diop of Dakar, Senegal
2Assistant Professor, Department of Public Health Faculty of Medicine, University Cheikh Anta Diop of Dakar, Senegal
3Doctor, Department of Public Health Faculty of Medicine, University Cheikh Anta Diop of Dakar, Senegal
4Professor, Department of Public Health Faculty of Medicine, University Cheikh Anta Diop of Dakar, Senegal

Article ID: 100016P16MD2017
doi:10.5348/P16-2017-16-OA-8

Address correspondence to:
Dr. Mbathio Diop
Cité des Médecins
Dakar
Sénégal

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How to cite this article
Diop M, Kanouté A, Diouf M, Ndiaye AD, Lo CMM, Faye D, Cissé D. Behavior of the access to oral health care in Senegal. Edorium J Public Health 2017;4:58–68.


ABSTRACT

Aims: Oral diseases, due to their high frequency and huge impact on overall health and quality of life, and which is reflected on the wellbeing, qualify as a public health issue. In Senegal, the poor condition of dental health is often associated with the socioeconomic situation. The aim of this work is to analyze the behavior of the access to dental care of Senegalese.
Methods: A nationwide cross-sectional survey was carried out between 28th April 2016 and 28th May 2016, according to WHO guidelines (Protocol 1997), and adjusted to Senegal’s context.
Results: The results showed that 97.7% of householders skip regular annual visits to the dentist, 37.3% of them use traditional medicine, 32.3% self-medicate themselves and only 25% of households go to the dentist when in pain.
Conclusion: The analysis reveals real social disparities in oral health care access, as well as an inadequate dental policy. Thus, it seems necessary to strengthen, to the majority’s reach and in the context of the Universal Health Coverage (UHC) in effect in Senegal, the preventive policy and to incorporate a change of behaviors’ awareness campaign, as well.

Keywords: Access, Mutual, Oral care, Senegal

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Author Contributions
Mbathio Diop – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Aida Kanouté – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Massamba Diouf – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Amadou Diaw Ndiaye – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Cheikh Mouhamadou Mbacke Lo – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Daouda Faye – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Daouda Cissé – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Ethic
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Guarantor of submission
The corresponding author is the guarantor of submission.
Source of support
None
Conflict of interest
Authors declare no conflict of interest.
Copyright
© 2017 Mbathio Diop et al. This article is distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided the original author(s) and original publisher are properly credited. Please see the copyright policy on the journal website for more information.



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