Review Article


Hijab Syndrome; a neglected but serious health problem in Muslim communities: A systematic review

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1 Kscien Organization for Scientific Research, Hamdi St., Azadi Bulding, Sulaimani, Kurdistan, Iraq

2 Faculty of Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Department Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, University of Sulaimani, François Mitterrand Street, Sulaymani, kuristan, Iraq

3 Shar medical center laboratory, Ibrahim Pasha Street, Sulaimani, Kurdistan, Iraq

4 Faculty of Science & Science Education, School of Science Education, Biology Department, University of Sulaimani, Francois Mitterrand Street, Sulaimani, Kurdistan, Iraq

Address correspondence to:

Fahmi H. Kakamad

Faculty of Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Department Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, University of Sulaimani, François Mitterrand Street, Sulaymani

Iraq

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Article ID: 100021P16SO2018

doi: 10.5348/100021P16SO2018RA

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How to cite this article

Othman S, Kakamad FH, Salih RQ, Essa RA, Mohammed SH, Hussein DA, Hassan HA, Rahim HM. Hijab Syndrome; a neglected but serious health problem in Muslim communities: A systematic review. Edorium J Public Health 2018;5:100021P16SO2018.

ABSTRACT


Introduction: Hijab syndrome is a serious health problem specified to Muslim nations. The aim of this study is to review the current literature systematically regarding the epidemiology, presentation, diagnosis, management and outcome of Hijab syndrome.

Methods: PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Google scholar and MEDLINE on OVID were explored for studies published before September 1, 2017. Inclusion criterion is any paper talking about scarf pin inhalation. Various data were taken from the included articles. Those data were sociodemographic features of the cases, history, clinical presentations, duration of the complaint, diagnosis, treatment and intervention, complications and outcome (short and long term).

Result: The search revealed 1081 patients in 31 studies. From all patients, 85% of them were reported from Muslim living countries. From the total number of patients, 1070 (99%) cases were females, and 11 (1%) patients were males. Mean age of affection was 14.5 years ranging from 4 months to 62 years old. The most common mode of extraction was through rigid bronchoscopy followed by flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FOB) and thoracotomy.

Conclusion: Hijab syndrome is diagnosed by history and chest X-ray, management includes FOB, rigid bronchoscopy and thoracotomy.

Keywords: Foreign body, Hijab syndrome, Inhalation, Pin, Swallowing

SUPPORTING INFORMATION


Author Contributions:

Snur Othman - Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis of data, Interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published

Fahmi H. Kakamad - Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis of data, Interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published

Rawezh Q. Salih - Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis of data, Interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published

Rawand A. Essa - Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis of data, Interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published

Shvan H. Mohammed - Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis of data, Interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published

Dahat A. Hussein - Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis of data, Interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published

Hunar A. Hassan - Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis of data, Interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published

Hawbash M. Rahim - Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis of data, Interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published

Guaranter of Submission

The corresponding author is the guarantor of submission.

Source Of Support

None

Data Availability

All relevant data are within the paper and its Supporting Information files.

Conflict of Interest

Authors declare no conflict of interest.

Copyright

© 2018 Snur Othman et al. This article is distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided the original author(s) and original publisher are properly credited. Please see the copyright policy on the journal website for more information.


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